L29 check list

L29 interception by SU27

L29 flight experience report by Eve-Anne Prentice of the Times.

 

L.29 FLIGHT REFERENCE CARD.

PARTIAL POWER FAILURE  < 500 Ft.:-

 

1.      Isolation Switch – ON.

2.      Throttle to RPM – SLOW.

 

PARTIAL POWER FAILURE  500 – 12,000 Ft.:-

 

1.      Throttle – IDLE.

2.      Isolation Switch – ON.

3.      Power – SET.

 

PARTIAL POWER FAILURE  >12,000 Ft.:-

1.      Throttle – IDLE.

2.      Isolation Switch – ON.

3.      INCREASE  Power IMMEDIATELY To:-

(a)   60% 12,000 – 18,000 Ft.

(b)   80% > 18,000 Ft

 

N.B. WITH AFRCU ISOLATED, MAKE ALL

CHANGES VERY SLOWLY (NO RPM LIMITER).

 

LOW PRESSURE FUEL or OIL:-

 

  1. Engine Switch & C.Bs – CHECK.
  2. SEC ‘B’ switch Cycle.
  3. Power 85% (Max Oil)  94% (Max Fuel).
  4. Once Set AVOID  Throttle Movement & RTB..

 

N.B. Oil Pressure BELOW 1.2kg/cm for 2 Mins., RTB as Above.

 

EMERGENCY UNDERCARRIAGE LOWERING:-

 

(a)   1.     Hydraulic Circuit – BLEED (Cock on                                                             LEFT).

2.      Gear & Flaps Normally – LOWER.

IF This FAILs Then do (b).

 

(b)   1.  BELOW  250 K., 100 bar – CHECK.

2.      SEC ‘B’ switch Cycle & C.Bs.

3.      Emg. Hand Valve – OPEN,

4.      LEAVE U/C DOWN

 

EMERGENCY FLAP LOWERING:-

 

1.      C.Bs. & SEC. ‘B’ – CHECK

2.      250 K, Hand Valve – OPEN.

  

RELIGHT – HOT START:-

 

1.      Throttle – CLOSE.

2.      Air Start – PRESS.

IF NO GO:-

3.      HP Cock – OFF, Air Start – OFF.

4.      30 – 40 Seconds – WAIT.

5.      N.E. Electrics – OFF.

 

RELIGHT – COLD START:-

 

1.      Throttle – CLOSED.

2.      250 K – NE Electrics – OFF.

3.      C.Bs  – LIVE – 10-15%                                    WINDMILL.

4.      AirStart – PUSH.

5.      HP Cock – ON – AirStart – OFF.

 

N.B. IF Windmilling BELOW 10% USE

Ground Start.

 

ENGINE FIRE:-

 

1.      Throttle – CLOSED.

2.      HP Cock – OFF.

3.      SPEED to HEIGHT.

4.      BELOW 240 K – Fire Button –                                      PRESS.

5.      NO RELIGHT.

 

GENERATOR FAILURE:-

 

1.      Switches & C.Bs – CHECK.

2.      Load – REDUCE & RTB.

 

N.B. After 20 Minutes EXPECT  EMG. U/C & FLAPS

 

Warning lights panel

 

FIRE- —–LOW FUEL—— GENERATOR

 

U/C—-FUEL PUMP (LP PUMP) — RELIGHT

 

EXT. TANKs — ISOL V.  —LOW CAB.PR.

 

INTERIOR INSPECTION  R/C (for solo flight)

Ejection seat                                        -secured

Safety pins                                           -installed

Parachute                                             -removed or secure

Harness and lap belt                             -secure

ISOLATION VALVE Switch             -off

FIRE EXT cover                                  -safety wired

F/C STAT PRESS Lever                     -NORMAL safety wired

F/C DYN PRESS Lever                       -NORMAL safety wired

F/C ATT IND BANK Switch              -NORMAL

F/C ATT IND PITCH Switch              -NORMAL

LANDING LIGHT Switch                  -NORMAL

F/C LDG GEAR LOCK OUT              -OFF

RAM AIR shut off lever                      -CLOSED

ENGINE+FUEL GAGES

Priority switch                                     -F/C

EXT STORES JETTISON                   -safety wired

SEC B switch                                       -ON

MASTER switch                                  -ON

ICS switches–(avionics–)                   -AS REQUIRED

EMERG BRAKE                                 -OFF, safety wired

Pressure gauges                                   -proper reading

Hand valves                                         -closed, safety wired

Canopy                                                -closed

External CABIN SEAL lever               -INFLATE

 

AFTER ENTERING THE COCKPIT

Parachute and harness                           -tight and secure

Shoulder harness lock                           -as required

Rudder pedals                                       -as required

Oxygen equipment                               -connect and hooked to

LEFT CONSOLE                                                              chain

Oxygen panel                                       -check pressure

Emergency lever (RED)                       -NORMAL

Diluter demand lever (WHITE)            -NORMAL OXYGEN

Supply lever (GREEN)                         -ON

CAB PRESS DUMP valve                   -closed (CW)

FIRE COCK LEVER                            -OPEN, safety wired

HYD DUMP VALVE lever                  -CLOSED safety wired

Throttle position                                   -idle

Throttle friction                                    -as required

FUEL SHUT OFF lever                       -CLOSED

DE-ICING lever                                   -OFF

PNEU FILL DE -PRESS                      -CLOSED (CW)

ISOLATION VALVE switch               -OFF

AIR START button                              -covered, safety wired

FIRE EXT COVER                              -safety wired

PITOT BOOM                                      -RIGHT safety wired

PARACHUTE                                      -NO DELAY LANYARD ATT

 

 

INSTRUMENT PANEL

TAXI LIGHT switch                            -OFF

LANDING LIGHT switch                    -OFF

HP OXYGEN indication                      -check min 100 kg’s

LDG GEAR buttons                             -check out

All instrument readings                         -normal

EXT STORES switch                           -SAFE, safety wired

EXT TANKS switch                             -OFF

Arming switch                                      -BLANK

RAM AIR shut off lever                       -as required

 

RIGHT CONSOLE

Electrical switches                                 -OFF

EMERG BRAKE lever                         -OFF, safety wired

VHF & AVIONICS                              -ALL OFF

ICS panel –(avionics–)                        -as required

EMERG GEAR EXTENSION valve    -Closed, safety wired

EMERG FLAP EXTENSION valve     – Closed, safety wired

CABIN PRESS/ HEATING                 -OFF

CABIN HEAT                                      -AUTOMATIC

Inverter select switch                            -MAIN INV (down)

All C/B’s                                               -ON (in)

Ejection pins                                         -in sockets

 

BEFORE STARTING ENGINE

Helmet                                                  -on

Oxygen hose                                        -connect

Radio cable                                           -connect

Oxygen check                                       -complete

Brake check                                          -4kg/cm2

Control stick and rudder                       -free and correct movement

BATT switch                                        -ON

VOLT/AM METER check button         -depress, 24v

COMMS switch                                    -master on

Intercome                                             -check

External power unit                              -connect

APU ON light (green)                          -illuminated

VHF radio                                            -ON

Start up clearance                                  -request

GEN switch                                          -ON

ENG switch                                          -ON

C&W panel                                           -push to test, all lights

Electrical gear position indicators         -push to test, all red lights

illuminated

 

 

 

 

 

 

ENGINE START

Be sure that the danger areas are clear before starting.

GENERATOR light                              -blinking

DO NOT START light                         -OUT

GND START button                            -depress for 3 sec

Spark plugs igniting                             -listen for sparking

Throttle                                                 -idle

FUEL SHUT-OFF lever                       -fully OPEN

EGT (APU 700 degrees

BATT 750 degrees)                              -keep manually within

Fuel/ oil pressure                                  -rising                 limits

Idle RPM                                              -35% within 60 sec’s

APU                                                     -disconnect

Fuel pressure                                        -12 kg’s

Oil pressure                                          -0.5 kgs

EGT (idle)                                            550’c MAX

GENERATOR light                              -out

 

 

 

 

 

FALSE START/ HOT START

Stop the engine immediately if one of the following occurs

–        no sparking of spark plugs

–        No oil pressure indication

–        EGT exceeds 750’c

The engine must be stopped if there is;

–        no RPM rise

–        Idle RPM 35% is not reached after 60 sec’s

–        Oil pressure stays below 0.5 kg’s

 

To stop the engine

–    Throttle idle

–    FUEL SHUT OFF lever                  -CLOSED

In case of fire continue with the following steps;

FIRE COCK lever                                 -SHUT

FIRE EXT button                                 -DEPRESS

All electric’s switches                            -OFF

Aircraft                                                 -Abandon

AFTER ENGINE START

SEC B switch                                        -ON

INV switch (PO-250)                           -ON

ICS panel                                              -recheck

VHF/ AVIONICS                                 -ON

Ext tank switch                                     -ON

 

ENGINE RUN-UP (first flight of day)

Brakes                                                  -apply

Throttle                                                 -idle 35%

EGT                                                      -550’c  MAX

Fuel pressure                                        12 kg’s

Oil pressure                                          0.5 kg’s

Oil temperature                                     20’c MIN

Throttle                                                 52% (EGT, OP, OT, FP)

C+W  panel (T-9)                                 -check

Attitude indicator (horizon)                  -Erect

RMI Compass                                       -synchronise with standby

Fire warning                                         -check

VOLTS/AMPS                                     -check 28V

Throttle                                                 -65%           (EGT, OP, OT,

Flaps/ stabiliser                                     -check operation          ,FP)

Speed brakes                                        -check operation

HYD PRESS gage                                -check pressure

EXT TANKS light (C+W)                    -out

Throttle                                                 -94% (EGT, OP, OT, FP)

ISOLATION VALVE switch               -on (check light)

RPM rise                                               -1 to 3% RPM

Throttle                                                 -97% (EGT, OP, OT, FP)

Throttle                                                 -100%(EGT, OP, OT, FP)

EGT                                                      -700’c max

Fuel pressure                                        -79 kgs max

Oil pressure                                          -1.8 to 2.5 kg’s

Oil temperature                                     -110’c max

Throttle                                                 -idle (RPM stabilised)

Throttle slam in 2 secs                          -12 to 14 sec’s

RPM swing                                           -2% RPM max (5 times)

EGT                                                      -730’c peak

Throttle                                                 -idle

Flight controls                                      -recheck

Taxi clearance                                       -request

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ENGINE RUN UP (subsequent flight)

Brakes                                                  -apply

Throttle                                                 -idle 35%

EGT                                                      -550’c max

Fuel pressure                                        -12 kg’s

Oil pressure                                          -0.5 kg’s

Oil temperature                                     20’c min

Throttle                                                 -52% (EGT, OP, OT, FP)

C+W panel (T-9)                                  -check

Attitude indicator                                  -erect

Compass                                               -sycronize check standby

Fire warning                                         -check

VOLTS/ AMPS                                    -check 28V

Throttle                                                 -65% (EGT, OP, OT, FP)

Flaps/ stabiliser                                     -check operation (elc+mech

Speed brake                                          -check operation          ind)

HYD PRESS gage                                -check pressure

EXT TANKS light (C+W)                    -out

Throttle                                                 -idle

Flight controls                                      -full & free

Taxi clearance                                       -request

BEFORE TAXI

Altimeter                                               -set

Engine instruments                               -in green

All safety pins                                       -removed and stowed

Canopy                                                 -closed

Pressurisation                                       -as required

 

TAXING

Brakes                                                  -apply

Chocks                                                 -removed

Throttle                                                 -80%

Brakes                                                  -release and test

Turn check left/ right                            -perform

 

PRE TAKEOFF

Trim                                                     -2′ rear

Speed brakes                                        -check in

Flaps                                                     -15′ set

Fuel quantity                                         -check

Engine and flight instruments               -T’s & P’s check

Oxygen                                                 -check

Canopy                                                 -locked

Harness                                                 -secure

Hydraulic pressure                                -check

C+W panel                                           -check

Flight controls                                      -full & free

All pins                                                 -removed and stowed

Cockpit pressurisation                          -check (both cockpits)

 

TAKEOFF

Brakes                                                  -apply

Altimeter                                               -recheck

Attitude indicator                                  -reset

Compass                                               -RWY heading

Radio compass needle                           -check direction

Throttle                                                 -90% RPM

Engine instruments                               -check

Brakes                                                  -release

Throttle                                                 -100% max power

Nose wheel lift off                                -140km/h

Lift off                                                  -180km/h

AFTER TAKEOFF

LANDING GEAR UP  button              -push (min 50ft AGL)

FLAPS 0′ button                                   -push (min 150ft AGL)

Throttle                                                 -97% upon reaching 250

ELEV TRIM lever                                -set                        km/hr

Engine instruments                               -check

All warning lights                                 -out

 

CLIMB

100% RPM max of 6 mins, then reduce to 97%

initial climb speed 350 kph

 

CABIN ALT PRESSURE                     -CHECK

Oxygen                                                 -check

Engine instruments                               -check (EGT, OP, OT, FP)

 

CRUISE

Level of maintain CAS or MACH number power about 90%

Fuel quantity                                         -check

Oxygen                                                 -check

Engine instruments                               -check (EGT, OP, OT, FP)

Location                                               -identify

 

DESCENT

Normal decent is at 65% AT 300 KPH

Fuel quantity                                         -check

Engine & flight instruments                  -check (EGT, OP, OT, FP)

Approach                                              -request

Altimeter                                               -set QFE

De-mist                                                 -as required

 

 

BEFORE LANDING

Fuel quantity                                         -check

All warning lights                                 -out

Pneumatic & hydraulic gages               -check

 

LANDING

Check speed/ distance for particular weight

Approach                                              -300 kph

DOWN WIND LEG

Airspeed                                               -290 kph

LANDING GEAR                                -select down

Landing gear                                        -check indicators

Airspeed                                               -270 kph

FLAPS 15′ button                                 – select 15′

Flaps indicator                                      -check

Airspeed                                               -250 kph

Throttle                                                 -90-94%

 

BASE LEG

Airspeed                                               -240 kph

Throttle                                                 -80-85%

FLAPS 30′ button                                 -select 30′

Flaps indicator                                      -check

Airspeed in turn                                    -220 kph

 

FINAL APPROACH

Landing gear + flaps                             -check indicators

Airspeed                                               -200 kph

Throttle                                                 -as required

 

AFTER TOUCH DOWN

Max braking speed 1300 lts                  140 kph

1000 lts                 145 kph

700 lts                   150 kph

400 lts                   160 kph

 

AFTER LANDING

Trim                                                     -neutral

Speed brakes                                        -in

Pitot heat                                               -off

Flaps                                                     -up

Pressurisation                                       -off

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ENGINE SHUT DOWN

Chocks                                                 -in place

Canopies                                               -open

Ejector seat pins                                    – install

Throttle                                                 -idle for 30 sec’s

FUEL SHUT OFF lever                       -closed

SEC B switch                                        -off

INV switch                                           -off

Engine run down time                          -check min 50 sec’s

After engine stop

ENG switch                                          -off

GEN switch                                          -off

BATT switch                                        -off

 

 

 

 

 







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